Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a bacterial infection of the gums and tissues that support your teeth. It is caused most often by the build-up of plaque and tartar when teeth are not routinely brushed and flossed. Periodontal disease is a major cause of teeth/implant loss.
There are two major stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. The earlier stage, gingivitis, is a mild form of gum disease caused by plaque build-up around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque build-up will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Your gums will appear red and swollen, and you could experience bleeding when you brush or floss. If properly treated, it may be reversed.
The best way to avoid or manage gum disease is by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly.
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Our specialist team will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.